How to create gallery in hugo

When I made a post about chilling in Sochi, I had a need - add a galleries with images to story.

What requirements I had:

  1. I want to have several galleries on one page.
  2. I want to have a thumbnail of each image.
  3. Thumbnail making should be automatic on a build process of site.

The results of my internet search was:

  1. https://github.com/liwenyip/hugo-easy-gallery
  2. https://christianspecht.de/2020/08/10/creating-an-image-gallery-with-hugo-and-lightbox2/

First result are working, but I need to make thumbnails by hand before site build. Second variant was more useful, but i changed it for a folders per gallery.

Results of my actions:

  1. The old posts was a sing MD files with names generated from file name. I reworked it. Now content of post placed in index.md file, which placed in folder. The name of post generated from name of folder.

    Changed folder hierarchy

  2. Posts images placed in “img/” subfolder. A header image placed in this subfolder too.

    New folder structure

    I changed templates like this:

    layouts/_default/single.html modification:

            {{ if .Page.Resources.Match "img/header.png" }}
                {{ $header := .Page.Resources.GetMatch "img/header.png" }}
            <div class="post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-design tag-design tag-standard-2 tag-tagalicious tag-travel entry full-without-featured odd excerpt-1">
                <div class='featured-image lazy lazy-bg-image' data-background="{{ $header.Permalink }}" ></div>
            {{ else }}
                <div class="post type-post status-publish format-standard hentry category-standard category-travel entry full-without-featured odd excerpt-1">
            {{ end }}   
    
  3. I made a simple shortcut for gallery insert with simple param ‘dir’. Gallery made from images in this subfolder with lightbox2.

shortcuts/gallery.html

{{ $dir := print (.Get "dir") "/*"}}
{{ with .Page.Resources.Match $dir }}
{{ range . }}
    {{ $full := .Fit "1980x1080"}}
    {{ $resized := .Fill "135x120 q80" }}
    <a href="{{ $full.Permalink }}" data-lightbox="x"><img src="{{ $resized.Permalink }}"/></a>
    {{ end }}
{{ end }}

Shortcut usage:

New folder structure

  1. I add lightbox2 styles and scripts to ‘head.html’ and ‘scripts.html’ templates. It enables by ‘useGallery’ parameter in post header.

layouts/partials/head.html modification:

{{ if .Page.Params.useGallery}}
    <link rel="stylesheet async" as="style" href="{{(resources.Get "css/lightbox.min.css").Permalink }}">
{{ end }}

layouts/partials/scripts.html modification:

{{ if .Page.Params.useGallery}}
    <script src="{{ "js/lightbox.min.js" | absURL }}"></script>
{{ end }}

And header of this post looks like this:

+++
draft = false
showonlyimage = false
date = "2020-10-21T20:16:19+03:00"
title = "How to create gallery in hugo"
categories = [ "tech" ]
tags = ["hugo", "gallery", "image processing", "lightbox2"]
weight = 1
writer= "Alexey Nevinsky"
description = "How to create a beautiful and usable gallery with hugo, lightbox2 and jquery."
useGallery = true
+++

In next posts I plan to create a repo with some features, which I explane in my posts of Hugo.

Thanks for reading=)